International Authority & Recognition

The Open Source Initiative, Open Source Definition and OSI Approved Open Source Licenses are internationally recognized. Many governments, international organizations, multi-national corporations and global communities rely on the Open Source Initiative, the Open Source Definition, and OSI Approved Open Source Licenses for identifying computer software as "open source software." The (partial but growing) index below serves as a resource for organizations:

  1. seeking references from government authorities as precedence for adopting existing internationally recognized standards;
  2. establishing the authority of the Open Source Initiative, the Open Source Definition and/or OSI Approved Open Source Licenses.

You can contribute to this body of knowledge on the OSI wiki.



Australia

Government

Australian Commonwealth

A Guide to Open Source Software for Australian Government Agencies
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
June, 2011

The Open Source Initiative (OSI), an organisation established to promote open source software, has developed an Open Source Definition (OSD) as follows... (Pg. 4)

Keep this list up to date in the agency’s source repository, and use the Open Source Initiative and Free Software Foundation websites to verify compatibility between licences. (Pg. 38)

The Free Software Foundation is emphatic that it does, while the Open Source Initiative thinks the situation is unclear. (Pg. 40)

For example, in the absence of a clear judicial ruling to the contrary, it would be unwise to adopt a practice in opposition to advice given from the Free Software Foundation or the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 40)

A list of open source licences managed by the Open Source Initiative is available at http://www.opensource.org/licenses. (Pg. 47)

Open Source Initiative (OSI): A not-for-profit corporation formed to educate about and advocate for the benefits of open source software and to build bridges among different constituencies in the open source community. It also provides licences for open source software.Source: http://www.opensource.org (Pg. 55)

With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and material sourced from the Open Source Initiative, the material sourced from the book titled The Open Source Alternative: Understanding Risks and Leveraging Opportunities by Heather Meeker, the material sourced from the Free Software Foundation and where otherwise noted, all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/) licence. (Pg. ii)


A Guide to Open Source Software for Australian Government Agencies
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
April, 2005

At present, the primary arbiter of what constitutes open source software is the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 9)

While many in the open source industry would prefer to restrict further fragmentation in licensing, there is no mechanism to prevent new licences being added to the list maintained by the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 40)

All licences certified by the Open Source Initiative (OSI) as compliant with the Open Source Definition share important characteristics. (Pg. 41)

For a full list of OSS licences, see the Open Source Initiative website: www.opensource.org (Pg. 44)

Australian Government Intellectual Property Manual
Attorney General's Department, Commonwealth of Australia
2012

Standard Creative Commons licences are not designed for use with software. However, there are a number of alternative standard, open content licences that are specifically designed for use with software. Creative Commons recommends considering licences made available by the Free Software Foundation (http://www.fsf.org/) or the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/). Agencies are encouraged to seek expert advice if they are considering publically releasing software and/or underlying code. (Pg. 90 )

Creative Commons licences do not contain terms relating to the use of source or object codes. There are other open content licences specifically designed for software, these would be considered if the Commonwealth owns copyright in the software and the author agency determines that providing open access to the underlying code is appropriate. See for example the licences available through the Free Software Foundation http://www.fsf.org/ and the Open Source Initiative http://www.opensource.org/ (Pg. 185 )

Guidelines on Licensing Public Sector Information for Australian Government Agencies
Attorney General's Department, Commonwealth of Australia
2012

See for example the licenses available through the Free Software Foundation (http://www.fsf.org/) and the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/)

Intellectual Property Management Guide for Cooperative Research Centres
CRC Branch of the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Commonwealth of Australia
June 2012

Open Source Initiative: Open source licences for software and other copyright material (including a directory of licences such as the GNU General Public Licence) http://www.opensource.org (Pg. 37)

"Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters 2014 Submission"
JSCEM Request for Submissions, Parliament of Australia, Commonwealth of Australia
2014

Eric Raymond, president of the Open Source Initiative, says open-sourcing the code could eliminate obvious errors and insider tricks. (Pg. 16)

"Open Source Software"
AUSGEO News, Geoscience Australia
September, 2004

Further reading...Open Source Initiative: www.opensource.org

SourceIT User Notes, Specific Clauses: Licence Contract – Commercial off-the-shelf Software
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
December 2012

Open source software is computer software which is defined by several specific attributes that relate to its licensing and legal framework. For guidance on what constitutes open source software, refer to the Open Source Initiative. The Initiative sets out various rights and obligations for developers, distributors and users of open source software. These rules define the basic licence conditions under which software must be released to be considered 'open source'. (Pg. 13)

Capital Territory

Government Procurement (Principles) Guideline 2002 DI2002-58
Australian Capital Territory
2004

In this section...Open Source Definition means the document of that name published by the Open Source Initiative... (Pg. 8)

Open Source Initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the Open Source Definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 8)

Government Procurement (Principles) Guideline Amendment Act 2003 (A2003-63)
Australian Capital Territory
2003

In this section...Open Source Definition means the document of that name published by the Open Source Initiative... (Pg. 3)

Open Source Initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 3)

Legislative Assembly for the ACT: 2003 Week 14 Hansard
10 December 2003

Open Source Initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 5205)

MINUTES OF PROCEEDINGS
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
10 December 2003

Open Source Definition means the document of that name published by the Open Source Initiative, as in force from time to time (Pg. 1074)

Open Source Initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 1074)

New South Wales

The Geoscientific Data Warehouse
Geological Survey of New South Wales, Quarterly Notes, New South Wales Department of Trade and Investment, Regional Infrastructure and Services
August 2013

According to the Open Source Initiative ‘open source’ means more than access to the source code. The distribution terms of the software ideally should comply with ten criteria that are listed by the Open Source Initiative (http://opensource.org/osd-annotated). (Pg. 5)

Open Source Initiative a non-profit corporation dedicated to promoting open source software. (Pg. 20)

Queensland

Open Source Software Policy
Queensland Department of Public Works, Queensland Government Chief Information Office
31 October 2009

This QGEA Policy states the Queensland Government’s direction in regards to Open Source Software (OSS), as defined by the Open Source Initiative (OSI)

South Australia

Open source software suitable for use in Australian and New Zealand schools
Department of Education and Children’s Services South Australia
June 2004

Abbreviations OSI: Open Source Initiative (Pg. 3)

The most common ‘copyleft’ open source software licences are Open Source Initiative (OSI) compatible licences such as the GNU GPL and the most common ‘non-copyleft licence is the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) licence (Pg. 10)

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) credentials open source software licences that can then use the phrase: ‘Certified Open Source Software’ to accompany their software (Pg. 10)

Open Source and the LG System Inc. Offerings
Local Government Association of South Australia
2006

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) was formed in February 1998 by Eric S. Raymond and Bruce Perens. (Pg. 5)

Prominent projects and organizations...The Open Source Initiative (Pg. 11)

Business

Atlassian

Open Source Project License Request
Atlassian Pty Ltd,
2018

Atlassian supports and believes in the Open Source movement...Atlassian software is free for any Open Source project to use. Your open source project must meet the following criteria to be approved: The project is licensed under a license approved by the Open Source Initiative.


Atlassian Blog, Status page open source vs. paid guide
By Blake Thorne, Atlassian Pty Ltd,
June 28, 2018

For more on supporting open source projects, check out the Open Source Initiative.

Canada

Government

Federal Government

Unmanned Ground Vehicle Software Development Environment
Defense Research & Development Canada
Published: 2004
Accessed: August, 2018

The Open Source Model: The open source model has numerous advantages over the consumer and industrial models, but before expanding on these advantages it is first necessary to define the open source model. Open Source Definition: The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit corporation dedicated to managing and promoting open source software. They define open source as having the following attributes: 1. Free redistribution, 2. Source code, 3. Derived works, 4. Integrity of the author’s source code, 5. No discrimination against persons or groups, 6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor, 7. Distribution of license, 8. The license must not be specific to a product, 9. The license must not restrict other software, and 10. The license must be technology neutral. A detailed explanation of the significance of each of the attributes can be found on the Open Source Initiative website.

Free and Open Source Software Licensing Primer
Natural Resources Canada
Published: 2012
Accessed: August, 2018

The Free Software Foundation (FSF) and the Open Source Initiative (OSI) publish the two most widely accepted definitions of free and open source software. The OSI’s 'Open Source Definition' describes ten criteria for open source software. Where an open source license meets these criteria, it becomes 'OSI Approved'.

Restrictive (non-FOSS) licenses can also create incompatibilities... because the non-commercial requirement complies with neither the Free Software Foundation’s definition of Free Software, nor the Open Source Initiative’s definition of Open Source Software.

Free and Open Source Software Licensing Primer
Natural Resources Canada
Published: 2012
Accessed: August, 2018

Appendix 1, Glossary: 'Open Source Software' (OSS) - Software released under a license that grants everyone broad rights to freely run the software, modify it, and redistribute it. Under the definition set out by the Open Source Initiative (OSI), a license must meet ten criteria relating to these rights in order to meet the definition of open source; however, the term is often used more broadly and is commonly used interchangeably with the term free software.

Accessibility Procurement Pilot: Call for Proposals (CFP)
Public Works and Government Services Canada
Published: 2018
Accessed: August, 2018

Public Works and Government Services Canada offers the following information: Proprietary solutions will not be accepted... As per article 4.6 of the Call for Proposals, “Solutions developed (not pre-existing) for either challenge must be licensed under the MIT License. Where Bidders are leveraging existing open source projects, adopting the parent license of the open source software project is acceptable, where the license is approved by the Open Source Initiative. A list of approved licenses is available at the Open Source Initiative’s web page.”

People's Republic of China

Government

People's Republic of China

A Game Between Freedom and Rights for the Software Field
National People’s Congress
Published: 2005
Accessed: June, 2016

Open source software is a branch of free software. It is an idea about software development and spread put forward for business software developers to keep a favorable market position without publicizing source codes. The core of the idea is to ask software developers to make source codes public by standardizing the software license, so that the public can obtain, use, modify and source codes freely. Currently, the software industry identifies the software published with the Open Source Initiative (OSI) certificated license as open source software.

Source Code: Knowledge of Openness
China Information Technology Security Evaluation Center
Published: 2003
Accessed: June, 2016

The Government Security Program (GSP) agreement is a cooperation agreement that Microsoft provides for governments in the world with online check of source codes, which is different from the concept “Open source” proposed by OSI [Open Source Inititive].

IBM will open 500 patents.
The Economic and Commercial Section of the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in New York
Published: 2005
Accessed: June, 2016

IBM will still own the 500 patents. IBM promises, however, any company, organization or individual users will not be charged or imposed restrictions if they apply the patents to open source code projects. The definition of open source code is made by the non-profit software organization Open Source Initiative (OSI).

Hong Kong

HKUL Electronic Resources: Open Source Initiative (Reference #1) & HKUL Electronic Resources: Open Source Initiative (Reference #2)
The University of Hong Kong Libraries
Published, 2004
Accessed: December, 2015

Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to managing and promoting the Open Source Definition (OSD). OSD defines the rights that a software license must grant in order to be certified as Open Source, which provides software owners to get free upgrades, switch software versions, and receive free repairs.

Open Source Movement
Faculty of Science, HKBU
Publication Date: March 2005
Accessed: December, 2015

Major organizations for Free Software: The Open Source Initiative [with link to OSI website].

Open Source Security
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Published, February 2008
Accessed: December, 2015

Open source software usually refers to software whose source code is “open” and available to anyone to study, use and adapt. According to the Open Source Initiative*, the terms for the distribution of open source software must also comply with 10 criteria specified in the Open Source Definition” and “Lists of software licenses that comply with the Open Source Definition are available at Opensource.org.” "* Open Source Initiative, opensource.org

Open Source Web Technology
Hong Kong Linux Industry Association, Lab of Software Development and Management, Department of Computing, PolyU
Published, June 2008
Accessed: December, 2015

Web 2.0 Standard: Open Source Initiative

Commercial Exploitation of Government IT Systems
Office of the Government, Chief Information Officer, The Government of HKSAR, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Published, June 2010
Accessed: December, 2015

The 'Open Source Definition' means the definition of Open Source published by the Open Source Initiative, as in force from time to time.

SME Information Technology Training Scheme: T01 - Open Source Software (OSS) Open Source Software (OSS) Fundamental for SMEs
Office of the Government, Chief Information Officer, The Government of HKSAR & Manufacturing Enterprise Integration and Innovation Association, Hong Kong Productivity Council
Published, December 2010
Accessed: December, 2015

Background of OSS...It is protected and promoted by the Open Source Initiative (OSI).

Open Source Software Security
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Accessed September, 2015

Some organisations, the Open Source Initiative for instance, have conducted reviews on the licences of open source software . These organisations will assess whether the licences comply with the pre-set requirements.

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Government

A computer program works Case (4) open source
Department of Education, Ministry of Information and Technology Education, R.O.C.
Accessed May, 2015

目前自由軟體授權利用條款的模式太多,光是「自由軟體組織( Open Source Initiative ,簡稱 OSI )」所認可的授權方式, 就有五十四種之多,自由軟體的創作人有難以選擇的困難。雖然國外已經有 Source Forge 、 Tigris 等具有相當規模的網站,提供自由軟體創作人, 將其自由軟體開發專案進駐該網站,與其他的創作人進行交流或協同開發。不過,對於複雜的授權利用問題,尚未有網站提供自由軟體的創作人相關的建議與協助。
Expert advice: Currently the use of free software licensing terms of mode too much, just "free soft tissue (Open Source Initiative, referred to as OSI)" recognized approach to licensing, there fifty-four kinds of as much as creators of free software have difficult choice difficult.*

Copyright Made Easy
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
December, 2007

因此,使用「Open Source Software」這個用語時,即需要界定什麼樣的軟體,屬於開放原始碼軟體,從而開放原始碼促進組織 (Open Source Initiative)參考自由軟體的精神,提出10點定義,只要符合該組織的定義,即可向該組織申請將授權契約認定為開放原始碼的授權契約。
Therefore , the use of " Open Source Software " of the term , namely the need to define what kind of software , is an open source software , thus promoting the spirit of open-source organization (Open Source Initiative) reference free software , made ​​10 points definition, provided that they meet the definition of the organization , you can apply for authorization to the organization authorized to contract for the contract identified open source .*

Digital Copyright Under the Open Economic policy, Innovation and Invention
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
July 2013

比較 Open Source Initiative – The Open Source Definition, http://opensource.org/osd;在功能性軟體的情形,其提供包括再散布之許可、原始碼之取得、為衍生著作之許可在內之概括性授權,惟該衍生著作需提供與原著作相同之授權條件。(Pg. 113)
Comparison of Open Source Initiative - The Open Source Definition, http://opensource.org/osd; in the case of software functionality , which provide, including permit free redistribution of , get the source code it as a derivative work of the license , including the general authorized , but the derivative work must provide the original work of the same licensing terms .* (Pg. 113)

Free Software international intellectual property rights
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
March 2005

1998 年 2 月 3 日美國 Palo Alto 舉行一場自由軟體研討會,會議中 討論決定了所謂「開放原始碼(Open Source)軟體」之詞,強調軟體程 式原始碼之開放係屬整個運動核心關鍵所在,會後並由部份人士完成開 放原始碼軟體識別標幟,且成立開放原始碼促進組織 10 ,對於何謂開放 原始碼軟體作出明確規範定義11
10. Open Source Initiative,請詳見 http://www.opensource.org/index.php(visited on Feb 23,2005)。
11. 請詳見 http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php(visited on Feb 23,2005)。(Pg. 6)
February 3, 1998 United States Palo Alto hold a free software seminar , meeting to discuss the decision of the word so-called "open source (Open Source) Software" , the process emphasizes software Open- source system belongs to the whole movement of the core key , after the completion of open source software by the majority of people recognize the flag , and promote the establishment of an open -source organization10, for what open Source software to make a clear specification defines11
10. Open Source Initiative, please see http://www.opensource.org/index.php(visited on Feb 23,2005).
11. Please refer http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php(visited on Feb 23,2005).* (Pg. 6)

Interview Software Freedom Association, Dr. Lin Chengqian
Intellectual Property Rights Monthly, Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
Accessed, May 2015

不同的授 權條款間( 編按 3)所 給予使用者 的自由其實 有不同 程 度 的差別,商業公司運用自由軟體後也逐漸發展出對自己公司有利的 授權條款, Open Source Initiative 所蒐集認證的授權條款已經多達四 十幾種,社群面對這麼多的授權條款如何選擇?是否已經發展出別 具特色的授權條款? (Pg. 12)
Between different license terms ( Editor's note 3 ) In fact, given the freedom of users with varying degrees of difference , after the commercial companies use free software also gradually develop their own benefit of the company Licensing terms , Open Source Initiative The license terms have been certified to collect as much as 40 several, communities faced with so many licensing terms How to choose? Do not have developed Distinctive license terms?* (Pg. 12)

Project to promote free software for industrial application
Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
2013

參賽者(或團隊)之參賽作品皆需宣告為開放原始碼促 進會 (Open Source Initiative)所訂定的授權模式,詳細 可參考 http://www.opensource.org/。 (Pg. 154)
Participants (or team) who must declare the entries for the Open Source Association ( Open Source Initiative ) laid licensing model, detailed Refer http://www.opensource.org/.* (Pg. 154)

Research organization: DGBAS electronic processing of data center
Accounting and Statistics, Directorate-General of Budget, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
January, 2004

開放原始碼軟體常被稱為自由軟體,就開放原始碼軟體而言,基本上 必須符合 Open Source Initiative (OSI)所列的十項條件,包括 (Pg. 16)
Open source software is often called free software, open source software on terms substantially You must meet ten conditions Open Source Initiative (OSI)...* (Pg. 16)

Spatial Data Infrastructure
Data Warehouse and Standards Group, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.
March 2009

潮汐基金會希望的自行申請者或被提名者是已有作品的軟體開發者,而且其作品必須是開放原始碼(依 “開放源碼計畫"組織 (Open Source Initiative) 之定義)、在市場已廣泛流通。 (Pg. 13)
Tides Foundation hopes of self- applicant or nominee is a software developer existing work , and their work must be open source ( according to The definition of " Open Source Project " organization (Open Source Initiative) of ) , has been widely circulated in the market.* (Pg. 13)

Studies of copyright issues of free software
Free Software Movement and Copyright Law, Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
January, 1996

由開放」的觀念,更可能因「免費」即等於「品質不佳」的連結,不利 於自由軟體的推廣,故另有開放原始碼倡議組織  (Open Source Initiative, OSI) 的成立,對於符合該組織開放原始碼定義的授權契約予以認證,對 於開放原始碼軟體對企業及個人使用者的推廣,有相當程度的幫助。因 此,一般在提及「自由軟體」的用語時,目前皆泛指這類在軟體產業逐 漸走向封閉原始碼的趨勢中,促使軟體原始碼開放的運動,可稱為自由 /開放原始碼軟體(F/OSS, or FOSS)運動,但各別組織仍然因其理念的 不同,而對於自由軟體或開放原始碼軟體有不同定義 (Pg. 64)
The open " concept , is more likely due to " free " is equal to " the poor quality link " , and the negative In the promotion of free software , so another Open Source Initiative (Open Source Initiative, OSI) was established, to authorize the contract in line with the organization's open source definition to be certified for In open source software for enterprise and individual users to promote a considerable degree of help . Because This , in general terms when referring to " free software " , now refers all such by the software industry Gradually move towards closed -source trend , prompting the open source software movement , can be called free / Open source software (F / OSS, or FOSS) movement , but because the concept of individual organizations still Different , and for free software or open source software have different definitions.* (Pg. 64)

Sweden

Education

University of Skövde

Sustainable digitalisation through different dimensions of openness: how can lock-in, interoperability, and long-term maintenance of IT systems be addressed?
Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Article No. 3, ACM New York, NY, USA ©2018
August 22 - 24, 2018

An  open  standard  is  a  standard  which  is  provided  on  royalty-free terms [12,23,38,49] and such a standard can be implemented  in  software  provided  under  all1 open  source  licenses2 without  restriction,  whereas  closed  standards  are  provided  on  RAND  (or  other)  terms  which  are  inherently  problematic  (both  from  a  community  and  legal  basis)  for open  source  projects  [36,44].  RAND  (‘Reasonable  And  Non-Discriminatory’)  terms  inherently  incompatible  with the   open   source   definition3
2. The Open Source definition which is maintained by the OSI [41] constitutes  the  foundation  for  assessing  if  a  proposed  license  is  recognised by OSI as an open source license.
3. The incompatibility  between  standards  for  which  organisations  have  declared  standard-essential  patents  and  the  open source definition has been elaborated by the current president of the OSI [36,44].

Open  standards  that  are  included  in  this  list  can  be  implemented  and  distributed  under  different  licenses   for   proprietary   software   and   under   all   OSI-approved licenses for open source software (OSS).

Open  source  software  is  software  made  available  under  a  software  license  which  has  been  approved  by  the  OSI, see further OSI [41].

Practitioners, researchers, and representatives  for  the  OSI  have  presented  categorisations of OSS licenses and central to “most (if not all) categorisations is that there is a clear distinction between permissive OSS licenses and those that have a copyleft effect” [18]...Previous research which analysed 200 widely used OSS projects shows that “the vast majority of the 200 investigated OSS projects are provided under a clear minority of all open source licenses recognised by the OSI”

The Open Definition is inspired by the establishment of the Open Source Definition that has been established by the OSI as a foundation for determining if a license shall be approved and thereby recognised as an open
source  license.

If a reference implementation is developed by an OSS project that provides software under a software license that is recognised by OSI as an open source license it follows that the implementation of the technical specification of the standard constitutes an ‘OSS reference implementation’.

Previous research shows that technical specifications of closed standards which are provided under RAND terms are inherently incompatible with the open source definition and cannot be provided as OSS projects, see [29] for details

United States of America

Education

Being open: our policy on source code
Genome Biology (Arived at U.S. National Libray of Health Medicine, National Insitutes of Health)
Aug. 12, 2016
Accessed Sept 16, 2018

This is why Genome Biology requires that the source code published as a part of an article is released under a license complying with an Open Source Definition, as defined by the Open Source Initiative [https://opensource.org].

How do I choose a license? You can also browse for an appropriate license on the Open Source Initiative website [https://opensource.org]

Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research; Request for Information [FR Docket No. 2011-32943]
American College of Rheumatology
January 12, 2012
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

 All software developed by ORCID will be publicly released under an open-source software license approved by the Open Source Initiative.

Government

Federal Government

Additional IUSE (Improving Undergraduate STEM Education) Program Information Institutional Eligibility
National Science Foundation
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Grantee may release all new source code developed with IUSE funds under an open license acceptable to the Free Software Foundation and/or the Open Source Initiative.

Cancer Genomics Cloud Pilots BAA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
National Cancer Institute, National Institutes for Health
Feb. 27. 2014
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

68. With regard to the application of FAR 52.227-14, I see from the FAQ page that Alternates II and III will not be considered as they are inapplicable to this procurement. If an award is granted to a college or university, will Alternate IV be applicable?
Software first developed by a Contractor is subject to FAR 52.227-17 and must be delivered under an Open Source Initiative-approved, non-viral, open source license. See http://opensource.org/licenses

108. Can the source code written with funding from the award be released publicly under the same license that is granted to the U.S. Government (e.g., Apache 2)?
To clarify,  the software must be released under an Open Source Initiative-approved, non-viral, open source license. See http://opensource.org/licenses

Comment Template for NISTIR 8074 Volume 1, Report on Strategic U.S. Government Engagement in International Standardization to Achieve U.S. Objectives for Cybersecurity (Draft)
National Institute of Standards and Technology
August 10, 2015
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

As this is a well-known issue, the Open Source Initiative (OSI) has developed an “open standards requirement” which is available here: http://opensource.org/osr-intro

Development and Acquisition: Escrowed Documentation
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council's (FFIEC)
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

For additional information, organizations that use, or are considering using, open source software should consult with their legal staff and review open source definitions, licensing standards, certification criteria, and related information distributed by various organizations (for example, the Open Source Initiative at www.opensource.org. (Note: Reference to this organization is for illustrative purposes only and is not an endorsement of the organization.)

DoD Open Source Software (OSS) FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions regarding Open Source Software (OSS) and the Department of Defense (DoD)
U.S. Department of Defence, Office of the Chief Information Officer
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Defining Open Source Software (OSS)
Q: What is open source software (OSS)?
A. Open source software licenses are reviewed and approved as conforming to the Open Source Definition by the Open Source Initiative (OSI). The OSI publishes a list of licenses which have successfully gone through the approval process and comply with the Open Source Definition.

Defining Open Source Software (OSS)
Q: What license should the government or contractor choose/select when releasing open source software?
A. Make sure it's really OSS.  Choose a license that has passed legal reviews and is clearly accepted as an OSS license. Choose a license that is recognized as an Open Source Software license by the Open Source Initiative (OSI), a Free Software license by the Free Software Foundation (FSF), and is acceptable to widely-used Linux distributions (such as being a "good" license for Fedora).

Defining Open Source Software (OSS)
Q: What license should the government or contractor choose/select when releasing open source software?
A. Use a widely-used existing license. As an aid, the Open Source Initiative (OSI) maintains a list of "Licenses that are popular and widely used or with strong communities".

DOE Code: FAQ
U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

What are the Project Types found in DOE CODE?
Open Source, Publicly Available Repository - Software can be freely accessed, used, changed and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by anyone in a public repository. Open Source software is made by many people and distributed under licenses that comply with the Open Source Definition. See the Open Source Initiative  for more information and definitions.

Are there restrictions on the use of the material in DOE CODE?
There may be restrictions on use of the material based on the associated license(s). Currently, DOE CODE supports the following list of Open Source licenses:

  • Apache License 2.0 [https://opensource.org/licenses/Apache-2.0]
  • MIT License [https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT]
  • BSD 2-clause "simplified" License [https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-2-Clause]
  • BSD 3-clause "New or "Revised" License [https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause]
  • Eclipse Public License 1.0 [https://opensource.org/licenses/EPL-1.0]
  • Mozilla Public License 2.0 [https://opensource.org/licenses/MPL-2.0] 

More information regarding these licenses can also be found at the  Open Source Initiative - Licenses by Name.

Federal Open Licensing Playbook 3
U.S. Department of State
Accessed: Sept. 16, 2018

Software: Open source licenses for software include particular criteria such as technology neutrality and inclusion of source code. The Open Source Initiative maintains a list of the most commonly used open licenses for software. [https://opensource.org/licenses]

Federal Register, Vol. 80, No. 233
Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicaid Program; Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems (90/10)
November 16, 2015.
Accessed: Sept. 16, 2018

“Open source” means software that can be used freely, changed, and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by anyone. Open source software is distributed under Open Source Initiative-approved licenses that comply with an open source framework that allows for free redistribution, provision of the source code, allowance for modifications and derived works, free and open distribution of licenses without restrictions and licenses that are technology-neutral.

Interim Open Source Software (OSS) Policy
Chief Information Officer, Environmental Protection Agency
Jan. 11, 2018
Accessed: Sept. 16, 2018

Definition - Open Source Software (OSS): Software that can be accessed, used, modified and shared by anyone. OSS is often distributed under licenses that comply with the definition of "Open Source" provided by the Open Source Initiative4 and/or that meet the definition of "Free Software" provided by the Free Software Foundation5.
4. The Open Source Initiative’s definition of “Open Source” is available online at https://opensource.org/osd.

Related Information. Open Source Initiative website https://opensource.org/

Limits on Custom-Developed Software
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Dec. 17, 2018
Accessed Sept 16, 2018

Defiitions. Open Source Software (OSS): Software that can be accessed, used, modified, and shared by anyone. OSS is often distributed under licenses that comply with the definition of “Open Source” provided by the Open Source Initiative (https://opensource.org/osd) and/or that meet the definition of “Free Software” provided by the Free Software Foundation (https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html).

M-16-21 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES, Appendix A - Definitions
Tony Scott, United States Chief Information Officer
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Open Source Software (OSS): Software that can be accessed, used, modified, and shared by anyone. OSS is often distributed under licenses that comply with the definition of “Open Source” provided by the Open Source Initiative (https://opensource.org/osd) and/or that meet the definition of “Free Software” provided by the Free Software Foundation (https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html).

Memorandum: Departmental Source Code Management
Daniel Morgan, Acting Chief Technology Officer, Office of the Chief Information Officer
U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation

IMPLEMENTATION REQUIREMENTS - The US Department of Transportation will: Append appropriate Open Source Software (OSS) licenses that comply with the definition of “Open Source” provided by the Open Source Initiative and/or that meet the definition of “Free Software” provided by the Free Software Foundation to the source code when releasing custom-developed code as OSS;

NASA Open Source Development
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Feb. 15, 2017
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

NASA has used open source to address project and mission needs, to accelerate software development, and to maximize public awareness and impact of our research. The NASA Open Source Agreement (NOSA) is an Open Source Initiative (OSI) approved license to allow public release of NASA-funded software. Since 2003, we have released more than 60 software projects under the NOSA.

Useful Links: Open Source Initiative [http://www.opensource.org/]

Open-Source Hardware Is a Low-Cost Alternative for Scientific Instrumentation and Research
Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture
Pacific Northwest Research Station, United States Forest Service
Jan. 29, 2012
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The rapid rise of the internet and accessibility of computer resources led to the concept of Open Source Software as a means to provide free and transparent access to computer code so that individuals could review, modify, improve, and distribute computer software (Open Source Initiative, http://www.opensource.org).

Open Source Initiative OSI - NASA Open Source Agreement v1.3:Licensing
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

THIS OPEN SOURCE AGREEMENT ("AGREEMENT") DEFINES THE RIGHTS OF USE, REPRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, MODIFICATION AND REDISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN COMPUTER SOFTWARE ORIGINALLY RELEASED BY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AS REPRESENTED BY THE GOVERNMENT AGENCY LISTED BELOW ("GOVERNMENT AGENCY"). THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, AS REPRESENTED BY GOVERNMENT AGENCY, IS AN INTENDED THIRD-PARTY BENEFICIARY OF ALL SUBSEQUENT DISTRIBUTIONS OR REDISTRIBUTIONS OF THE SUBJECT SOFTWARE. ANYONE WHO USES, REPRODUCES, DISTRIBUTES, MODIFIES OR REDISTRIBUTES THE SUBJECT SOFTWARE, AS DEFINED HEREIN, OR ANY PART THEREOF, IS, BY THAT ACTION, ACCEPTING IN FULL THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND OBLIGATIONS CONTAINED IN THIS AGREEMENT.

Open Source Software and Copyright: Legal and Business Considerations for Government Use Summaries
Government Open Source Software Distribution
Committee on Scientific and Technical Information (COSATI) of the Federal Council on Science and Technology
Hope O’Keeffe, Associate General Counsel, Library of Congress
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Custom licenses are strongly disfavored and should be used only in extraordinary circumstances. An Agency ought to adopt a license approved by the Open Source Initiative (OSI) at opensource.org. 

Open Source Software and Copyright: Legal and Business Considerations for Government Use Summaries
Using OSS Software for Government Purposes Forge.mil
Committee on Scientific and Technical Information (COSATI) of the Federal Council on Science and Technology
Tom Morton
Chief Engineer – Forge.mil, Defense Information Systems Agency

Software Distribution policy directs use of Open Source Initiative approved licenses whenever possible.

Open Source Strategy: What is open source?
U.S. Department of Energy
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

"Open source" means that the software code is publicly available so that anyone can contribute to the code base and create add-on extensions. More information about open source principles can be found at the Open Source Initiative.

Project Open Data: Licensing Policies, Principles, and Resources
CIO Council
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The policy also requires that the grantees release all software code created with the funds under a license that allows others to use and build upon them and that all grantees must release all new source code developed or created with the grant funds under an open license acceptable to either the Free Software Foundation and/or the Open Source Initiative.

Report to Congressional Requesters: TSA MODERNIZATION, Use of Sound Program Management and Oversight Practices Is Needed to Avoid Repeating Past Problems
United States Government Accountability Office
October 2017
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

TSA officials decided to move away from implementing a commercial-offthe-shelf product for the program and instead planned to develop an open source system.4
4. Open source software is software that can be accessed, used, modified, and shared by anyone. This type of software is often distributed under licenses that comply with the definition of “open source” provided by the Open Source Initiative (https://opensource.org/osd) and/or that meet the definition of “free software” provided by the Free Software Foundation (https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html).

Risk Management of Free and Open Source Software
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Oct. 21, 2004

FOSS acquisition and use can be governed by any of more than fifty different licenses that have significant differences in the rights and restrictions contained in the license.In general, FOSS licenses permit copying, distribution, and modification of the software, but do not contain any warranty or indemnification.A list of some of the most common FOSS licenses can be found at the Open Source Initiative’s Web site (www.opensource.org ).

The use of the word “free” in this context does not necessarily mean that the software is available at no cost.For additional information about FOSS, refer to www.fsf.org and [the Open Source Initiative's website] www.opensource.org.

Standards-Based Interoperability: Standards View: Open Standards vs Open Source
Geospatial Interoperability Reference Architecture
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The Open Source Initiative[2] has developed a set of 10 requirements of any software license that is to be considered an Open Source license.

Open source does not just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of open-source software must comply with the following criteria from the Open Source Definition (http://opensource.org/osd ): [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

Startup in a Day Competition – Dream Big Model
U.S. Small Business Association
Jul. 13, 2015
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

An “open source” solution is software that can be freely used, changed, and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by anyone[1] and complies with generally accepted criteria for distribution outlined by the Open Source Initiative (for this criteria, see http://opensource.org/docs/osd#fields-of-endeavor).
[1] Open Source Initiative, Welcome to The Open Source Initiative, Palo Alto, CA: Open Source Initiative. Accessed June 2, 2015, http://opensource.org/.

The Power of Digital Inclusion: Technology’s Impact on Employment and Opportunities for People with Disabilities.
Jonathan Young, Ph.D., J.D., Chairman, National Council on Disability
Oct. 4, 2011
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

For example, the Open Source Initiative—the open-source community-recognized body that advocates and governs open-source development activity—has estimated the number of Linux users to be anywhere between 4 million and 27 million (Open Source Initiative, 2007).

Since the software is, by definition, open to modify, use, or sell, the cost at which a company or individual acquires an open-source program will typically be minimal, or even free (Open Source Initiative, 2007).

Transmittal Memo: NARA 809, Open Source Code Policy
National Archives and Records Administration
Nov. 7, 2016
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

809.1 Policy. NARA, §D. Appends appropriate Open Source Software (OSS) licenses that comply with the definition of “Open Source” provided by the Open Source Initiative ...to the source code when releasing custom-developed code as OSS;

Use of Federal Tax Information (FTI) in Open Source Software
Internal Revenue Service
Jul. 23, 2018
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Resources
Additional information can be found in the following documents:
Open Source Initiative [http://opensource.org/sponsors] – OSI Corporate Sponsors and Support

WebWatch: Open Source Software Primer for Medical Librarians
Greg Bodin, Technology Coordinator, Southeastern/Atlantic Region of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine
September/October 2001
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Open source software is defined as software certified by the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/) to have open source code.

The Open Source Initiative Web page has links to many open source software applications, and a query of any major search engine will find more.

Zapping Rachel, Rules
Federal Trade Commision
August 7, 2014
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Contestants agree that such Submissions shall be made and remain available to all for use on an open source basis, as defined by the Open Source Initiative, see opensource.org.

California

AB-668 Voting Modernization Bond Act of 2018.
California State Legislature
September 2, 2017
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

"(k) 'Open source software or firmware' means software or firmware licensed using a software license approved by the Open Source Initiative."

Better, Faster, Cheaper: Using Free Open Source Software in a Community Warning System
Contra Costa County’s Community Warning System (CWS), via The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

"Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.” (The Open Source Initiative)

IT Policy: OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE POLICY (ITPL 10-01 )
Office of the State CIO
January 7, 2010

DEFINITION: The definition of OSS has been added to Section 4819.2 of the SAM. OSS is defined as Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative: [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

SAM 5300 Definitions
California Department of Technology
Accessed January 15, 2018

"Open Source Software: Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative."

SAM – REVISION SUMMARY 435
California Department of Technology
September, 2016
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

DEFINITIONS - Open Source Software: Software that includes distribution terms that comply withthe following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative: (The open source definition used here is from the Open Source Initiative and is licensed under a CreativeCommons Attribution 2.5 License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/)

State Administrative Manual (SAM) Section 4819.2
California Department of General Services, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (California Department of Technology)
September, 2016
DEFINITIONS: Open Source Software: Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative: [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

Statement of Work (SOW) Guidelines,  Statewide Information Management Manual – Section 180
Statewide Technology Procurement Division, Department of Technology, State of California
August 2016

Open Source: As defined in SAM Section 4819.2, “Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative: (The open source definition used here is from the Open Source Initiative and is licensed under a CreativeCommons Attribution 2.5 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/)

Florida

Open Source Geospatial Foundation Created to Strengthen Collaborative Development of Open Geospatial Technologies
Gary L. Watry, GIS Coordinator
Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, Florida State University
Mar. 06, 2006

The foundation will not require that OSGEO software projects to be licensed under any one particular open source license, but will require that all OSGEO software be released under an open source license approved by the Open Source Initiative (OSI) <http://www.opensource.org> .

Hawaii

Status Report, Open Source Software in State Government Operations
Information and Communications Services Division, Department of Accounting and General Services, State of Hawaii
January 2005

Even Microsoft, a company considered at odds with the Open Source movement, has released three projects using the Common Public License (CPL) developed by IBM and approved by the Open Source Initiative (OSI).

DEFINING KEY TERMS - Open Source: The most basic description of Open Source software is human readable computer instruction code that can be freely distributed by one person or institution to another person of institution. This, however, would be an incomplete description of Open Source software. The full industry-wide accepted Open Source definition from the Open Source Initiative (OSI) is found in Appendix II.

At the time of this writing (September 2004), there are 54 Open Source licenses certified by the OSI. Although these licenses do have variation between them in specific areas, all of the licenses adhere to the 10 criteria described by the OSI Open Source Definition. A summary of these criteria specified by the OSI are provided below using excerpts from or paraphrasing of the OSI definitions:

WHEREAS, with the growth of the Internet, there has been a rapid expansion in the sharing of information technology to the point where the philosophy of open source software is being promoted by the nonprofit, Open Source Initiative; and
WHEREAS, the Open Source Initiative has been embraced by those in the industry who want to provide a means for rapid development of better software and community access to these constantly evolving, mainstream software products; and
WHEREAS, the Open Source Initiative has developed and adopted criteria to certify open source software products, protect the credibility of the open source philosophy, as well as ensure that no harm is brought to end users of open source software products; now, therefore,

Appendix II: The Open Source Definition http://opensource.org/docs/definition.php
The Open Source Definition
Version 1.9
The indented, italicized sections below appear as annotations to the Open Source Definition (OSD)
and are not a part of the OSD... [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

Origins: Bruce Perens wrote the first draft of this document as "The Debian Free Software Guidelines", and refined it using the comments of the Debian developers in a month-long e-mail conference in June, 1997. He removed the Debian-specific references from the document to create the "Open Source Definition."

Massachusetts

Master software development and integration Agreement By and Between Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Revenue and Deloitte Consulting LLP
Department of Revenue. Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Nov. 3, 2010
Accessed Sept. 17, 2018

Definitions. The following terms shall have the respective meanings assigned herein: Open Source Software means all Software licensed to Contractor by third parties under licenses substantially similar to those approved by the Open Source Initiative and listed at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/, including, without limitation, the GNU General Public License, the GNU Lesser Public License, the Artistic License, the Berkeley Science Division (BSD) License and the Apache License.

 

Michigan

NOTICE OF CONTRACT NO. 071B7700208 between THE STATE OF MICHIGAN and Kelmar Associates, LLC,
Department of Technology, Management, and Budget
Sept. 14, 2017

“Open-Source Components” means any software component that is subject to any open-source copyright license agreement, including any GNU General Public License or GNU Library or Lesser Public License, or other obligation, restriction or license agreement that substantially conforms to the Open Source Definition as prescribed by the Open Source Initiative or otherwise may require disclosure or licensing to any third party of any source code with which such software component is used or compiled.

Nevada

About this Website
Department of Corrections
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The Department of Corrections utilizes Open Source Software in its operations, in order to provide the best value to the people of Nevada. For more information, see the Open Source Initiative [http://opensource.org/] and the Free Software Foundation websites.

New York

Approved Resolution Concerning Fees for Testing of Open Source Software
New York State Board of Elections
October 16, 2007
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The State Board of Elections may elect to waive the fee for examination of voting systems set forth in Section 6209.4(G) if...The vendor submits an application for examination fee waiver including a sworn affidavit stating that the voting system software and documentation are offered under an open source license...(a) The open source license shall meet with the Open Source Definition as set forth by the Open Source Initiative which requires: [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

A Strategy for Openness
New York State CIO, Office for Technology
May, 2008

Open Source Defined. Open source software (OSS) is software which unlike traditional proprietary software allows anyone to use, read, redistribute and modify the source code without a royalty or other fees. The Open Source Initiative defines ten features which distinguish OSS from other licensing models: [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

New York State Senate Bill S173A-2013
New York State Assembly
January 9, 2013

FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUBSECTION, A PROGRAM SHALL QUALIFY FOR THE CREDIT PROVIDED BY THIS SUBSECTION IF THE CODE FOR SUCH PROGRAM HAS BEEN RELEASED UNDER AN OPEN SOURCE LICENSE RECOGNIZED BY THE OPEN SOURCE INITIATIVE, OR HAS BEEN RELEASED UNDER A FREE SOFTWARE LICENSE RECOGNIZED BY THE FREE SOFTWARE FOUNDATION. (Section 1.2)

Oregon

Acquisition and Use of Open-Source Software in Oregon State Government
Open-Source Community of Practice, State of Oregon
Jan. 30, 2008
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The Open Source Initiative (“OSI”) is a principal certifying body for OSS Software Licenses. OSI has certified between 50 and 60 different OSS license types. OSS users must become familiar with these assorted licenses.

Appendix E: List of OSS Licenses Certified by the Open Source Initiative: [a complete copy of the Open Source Definition from the OSI is included]

Information Resources Management Plan, 2013 – 2015 Biennium
Land Conservation and Development Commission
July 1, 2012
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Appendix E–Glossary. Open Source Software: The official Open Source Initiative definition is too lengthy to include here. Find it at http://opensource.org/docs/osd. E

State Data Center Strategic Plan and Annual Report
Oregon State Data Center
July 2010
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Glossary of Terms. Open Source: (2) A certification standard issued by the Open Source Initiative (OSI) that indicates that the source code of a computer program is made available free of charge to the general public.

STATE OF OREGON INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGREEMENT BEHAVIOR REHABILITATION SERVICES
Josephine County Board of Commissioners
February 7, 2018

3. 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ANI) OPEN SOURCE (County) Definitions. b." Open Source Elements" means any Work Product subject to any open source initiative certified license, including Work Product based upon any open source initiative certified licensed work.

 

Texas

Trends, Best Practices, Issues and Innovations in Library Service: Whats Ahead for San Antonio Public Library?
San Antonio Public Library (SAPL)
2011
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

The software can be used as is, modified, improved, and/or shared with others with varying degrees of freedom depending on the terms of the open source license.
See also:
Open Source Initiative, The Open Source Definition (Annotated): Version 1.9, http://www.opensource.org/osd.html (2010).
Open Source Software Institute, http://www.oss-institute.org (2010).

Virginia

Enterprise Architecture Technical Brief
Virgina Information Technology Agency
February, 2018
Accessed Sept. 16, 2018

Open Source Initiative Organization Logo

Information Technology Resource Management (ITRM), Enterprise Architecture Policy
Virginia Information Technologies Agency (VITA)
Feb. 21, 2018
Accessed Seept. 16, 2018

“Open source software”1 refers to computer software and the availability of its source code as open source under an open source license to study, change, and improve its design.
1. The Open Source Definition, Open Source Initiative: http://opensource.org/docs/osd

Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code. The distribution terms of open source software must comply with the following criteria: (as recommended by the Open SourceInitiative (OSI) http://opensource.org/docs/definition.php)

Washington

BRIDGE SOFTWARE NEWS: THE OFFICIAL NEWSLETTER OF THE ALTERNATE ROUTE PROJECT
Washington State Department of Transportation
Oct. 1, 1999
Accessed Seept. 16, 2018

The Open Source Initiative (www.opensource.org) and the Free Software Foundation (www.fsf.org) publish lengthy definitions of open source software.

IT SERVICES CONTRACT: Eligibility Services and ACES Remediation, Mainframe Rehosting
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
Accessed Seept. 16, 2018

"Open-Source Software" is defined as software that (a) requires a licensor to cause source code to be distributed with the software or made available to any third party when the software is distributed or otherwise provided in any fashion to a third party, or (b) is subject to any version of the General Public License or the Lesser General Public License, or any license that has been certified as an "open source" or "free software" license by the Open Source Initiative.

Open Source Software
Washington State Department of Transportation
2000
Accessed Seept. 16, 2018

For more detailed information, visit the Free Software Foundation (www.fsf.org) and the Open Source Initiative (www.opensource.org). They publish excellent information on the topic and you are encouraged to spend some time reading their web sites.

How does the development of Open Source Software really work? There are no enforceable rules to control open source developers. In fact, the Open Source Definition [http://www.opensource.org/osd.html] itself does not impose any rules of conduct nor does it demand any kind of cooperation. Under the guidelines of the Open Source Definition an Open Source license must protect the unconditional right of anyone to modify (and redistribute modified versions of) open-source software.

Policy No: 183.30.30-Solution Integration Design Standards, Information Services Board, ISB Standards Version 5
Office of the Chief Information Officer, Washington State
November 9, 2006
Accessed Seept. 16, 2018

Implemented by at least two separate commercial vendors, or implemented in a solution that is available to the public under an open source license, or both (an "open source license" is a license approved by the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/ )).

Press

Exploding heads in the open source community
John Carroll, A Developer's View, ZDNet
Aug. 2, 2007

Late last week, Tim O'Reilly announced at his company's open source convention that Microsoft would submit its shared source licenses to the Open Source Initiative (OSI) to be certified as true open source licenses.

Tragedy of the Commons Clause
Redmonk
Sep. 10, 2018

This potential threat was and is why the OSI and other open source communities fought the so-called vanity licensing practice by heavily restricting the list of approved licenses.

It is also why the OSI guards the term Open Source zealously. Today, enterprises can assume that any open source license – whether it’s permissive, reciprocal or somewhere in between – adheres to these ten principles [https://opensource.org/osd].

Unless and until the Commons Clause becomes its own hybrid license class and actively and aggressively differentiates itself from OSI-approved open source, it will remain a threat to open source and its adoption.

 

 


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