International Authority & Recognition

The Open Source Initiative, Open Source Definition and OSI Approved Open Source Licenses are internationally recognized. Many governments, international organizations, multi-national corporations and global communities rely on the Open Source Initiative, the Open Source Definition and OSI Approved Open Source Licenses for identifying computer software as "open source software." The below index serves as a resource for organizations:

  1. seeking references from government authorities as precedence for adopting existing internationally recognized standards;
  2. establishing the authority of the Open Source Initiative, the Open Source Definition and/or OSI Approved Open Source Licenses.

You can contribute to this body of knowledge on the OSI wiki.







Australia


Australian Commonwealth


A Guide to Open Source Software for Australian Government Agencies
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
June, 2011
The Open Source Initiative (OSI), an organisation established to promote open source software, has developed an Open Source Definition (OSD) as follows... (Pg. 4)
Keep this list up to date in the agency’s source repository, and use the Open Source Initiative and Free Software Foundation websites to verify compatibility between licences. (Pg. 38)
The Free Software Foundation is emphatic that it does, while the Open Source Initiative thinks the situation is unclear. (Pg. 40)
For example, in the absence of a clear judicial ruling to the contrary, it would be unwise to adopt a practice in opposition to advice given from the Free Software Foundation or the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 40)
A list of open source licences managed by the Open Source Initiative is available at http://www.opensource.org/licenses. (Pg. 47)
Open Source Initiative (OSI): A not-for-profit corporation formed to educate about and advocate for the benefits of open source software and to build bridges among different constituencies in the open source community. It also provides licences for open source software.Source: http://www.opensource.org (Pg. 55)
With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and material sourced from the Open Source Initiative, the material sourced from the book titled The Open Source Alternative: Understanding Risks and Leveraging Opportunities by Heather Meeker, the material sourced from the Free Software Foundation and where otherwise noted, all material presented in this document is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/) licence. (Pg. ii)

A Guide to Open Source Software for Australian Government Agencies
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
April, 2005
At present, the primary arbiter of what constitutes open source software is the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 9)
While many in the open source industry would prefer to restrict further fragmentation in licensing, there is no mechanism to prevent new licences being added to the list maintained by the Open Source Initiative. (Pg. 40)
All licences certified by the Open Source Initiative (OSI) as compliant with the Open Source Definition share important characteristics. (Pg. 41)
For a full list of OSS licences, see the Open Source Initiative website: www.opensource.org (Pg. 44)

Australian Government Intellectual Property Manual
Attorney General's Department, Commonwealth of Australia
2012
Standard Creative Commons licences are not designed for use with software. However, there are a number of alternative standard, open content licences that are specifically designed for use with software. Creative Commons recommends considering licences made available by the Free Software Foundation (http://www.fsf.org/) or the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/). Agencies are encouraged to seek expert advice if they are considering publically releasing software and/or underlying code. (Pg. 90 )
Creative Commons licences do not contain terms relating to the use of source or object codes. There are other open content licences specifically designed for software, these would be considered if the Commonwealth owns copyright in the software and the author agency determines that providing open access to the underlying code is appropriate. See for example the licences available through the Free Software Foundation http://www.fsf.org/ and the Open Source Initiative http://www.opensource.org/ (Pg. 185 )

Guidelines on Licensing Public Sector Information for Australian Government Agencies
Attorney General's Department, Commonwealth of Australia
2012
See for example the licenses available through the Free Software Foundation (http://www.fsf.org/) and the Open Source Initiative (http://www.opensource.org/)


Intellectual Property Management Guide for Cooperative Research Centres
CRC Branch of the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Commonwealth of Australia
June 2012
Open Source Initiative: Open source licences for software and other copyright material (including a directory of licences such as the GNU General Public Licence) http://www.opensource.org (Pg. 37)

"Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters 2014 Submission"
JSCEM Request for Submissions, Parliament of Australia, Commonwealth of Australia
2014
Eric Raymond, president of the Open Source Initiative, says open-sourcing the code could eliminate obvious errors and insider tricks. (Pg. 16)

"Open Source Software"
AUSGEO News, Geoscience Australia
September, 2004
Further reading...Open source initiative: www.opensource.org

SourceIT User Notes, Specific Clauses: Licence Contract – Commercial off-the-shelf Software
Department of Finance and Administration, Australian Government Information Management Office
December 2012
Open source software is computer software which is defined by several specific attributes that relate to its licensing and legal framework. For guidance on what constitutes open source software, refer to the Open Source Initiative. The Initiative sets out various rights and obligations for developers, distributors and users of open source software. These rules define the basic licence conditions under which software must be released to be considered 'open source'. (Pg. 13)

Capital Territory


Government Procurement (Principles) Guideline 2002 DI2002-58
Australian Capital Territory
2004
In this section...open source definition means the document of that name published by the open source initiative... (Pg. 8)
open source initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 8)

Government Procurement (Principles) Guideline Amendment Act 2003 (A2003-63)
Australian Capital Territory
2003
In this section...open source definition means the document of that name published by the open source initiative... (Pg. 3)
open source initiative means the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 3)

Legislative Assembly for the ACT: 2003 Week 14 Hansard
10 December 2003
open source initiativemeans the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 5205)

MINUTES OF PROCEEDINGS
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY FOR THE AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
10 December 2003
open source definition means the document of that name published by the open source initiative, as in force from time to time (Pg. 1074)
open source initiativemeans the non-profit incorporated organisation of that name dedicated to managing and promoting the open source definition for the good of the community. (Pg. 1074)

New South Wales


The Geoscientific Data Warehouse
Geological Survey of New South Wales, Quarterly Notes, New South Wales Department of Trade and Investment, Regional Infrastructure and Services
August 2013
According to the Open Source Initiative ‘open source’ means more than access to the source code. The distribution terms of the software ideally should comply with ten criteria that are listed by the Open Source Initiative (http://opensource.org/osd-annotated). (Pg. 5)
Open Source Initiative a non-profit corporation dedicated to promoting open source software. (Pg. 20)

Queensland


Open Source Software Policy
Queensland Department of Public Works, Queensland Government Chief Information Office
31 October 2009
This QGEA Policy states the Queensland Government’s direction in regards to Open Source Software (OSS), as defined by the Open Source Initiative (OSI)

South Australia


Open source software suitable for use in Australian and New Zealand schools
Department of Education and Children’s Services South Australia
June 2004
AbbreviationsOSI: Open Source Initiative (Pg. 3)
The most common ‘copyleft’ open source software licences are Open Source Initiative (OSI) compatible licences such as the GNU GPL and the most common ‘non-copyleft licence is the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) licence (Pg. 10)
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) credentials open source software licences that can then use the phrase: ‘Certified Open Source Software’ to accompany their software (Pg. 10)

Open Source and the LG System Inc. Offerings
Local Government Association of South Australia
2006
The Open Source Initiative (OSI) was formed in February 1998 by Eric S. Raymond and Bruce Perens. (Pg. 5)
Prominent projects and organizations...The Open Source Initiative (Pg. 11)

People's Republic of China


People's Republic of China


A Game Between Freedom and Rights for the Software Field
National People’s Congress
Published: 2005
Accessed: June, 2016
Open source software is a branch of free software. It is an idea about software development and spread put forward for business software developers to keep a favorable market position without publicizing source codes. The core of the idea is to ask software developers to make source codes public by standardizing the software license, so that the public can obtain, use, modify and source codes freely. Currently, the software industry identifies the software published with the Open Source Initiative (OSI) certificated license as open source software.
Source Code: Knowledge of Openness
China Information Technology Security Evaluation Center
Published: 2003
Accessed: June, 2016
The Government Security Program (GSP) agreement is a cooperation agreement that Microsoft provides for governments in the world with online check of source codes, which is different from the concept “Open source” proposed by OSI.
IBM will open 500 patents.
The Economic and Commercial Section of the Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China in New York
Published: 2005
Accessed: June, 2016
IBM will still own the 500 patents. IBM promises, however, any company, organization or individual users will not be charged or imposed restrictions if they apply the patents to open source code projects. The definition of open source code is made by the non-profit software organization Open Source Initiative (OSI).

Hong Kong


HKUL Electronic Resources: Open Source Initiative (Reference #1) & HKUL Electronic Resources: Open Source Initiative (Reference #2)
The University of Hong Kong Libraries
Published, 2004
Accessed: December, 2015
Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to managing and promoting the Open Source Definition (OSD). OSD defines the rights that a software license must grant in order to be certified as Open Source, which provides software owners to get free upgrades, switch software versions, and receive free repairs.

Open Source Movement
Faculty of Science, HKBU
Publication Date: March 2005
Accessed: December, 2015
Major organizations for Free Software: The Open Source Initiative [with link to OSI website].

Open Source Security
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Published, February 2008
Accessed: December, 2015
Open source software usually refers to software whose source code is “open” and available to anyone to study, use and adapt. According to the Open Source Initiative*, the terms for the distribution of open source software must also comply with 10 criteria specified in the Open Source Definition” and “Lists of software licenses that comply with the Open Source Definition are available at Opensource.org.” "* Open Source Initiative, opensource.org

Open Source Web Technology
Hong Kong Linux Industry Association, Lab of Software Development and Management, Department of Computing, PolyU
Published, June 2008
Accessed: December, 2015
Web 2.0 Standard: Open Source Initiative

Commercial Exploitation of Government IT Systems
Office of the Government, Chief Information Officer, The Government of HKSAR, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Published, June 2010
Accessed: December, 2015
The 'Open Source Definition' means the definition of Open Source published by the Open Source Initiative, as in force from time to time.

SME Information Technology Training Scheme: T01 - Open Source Software (OSS) Open Source Software (OSS) Fundamental for SMEs
Office of the Government, Chief Information Officer, The Government of HKSAR & Manufacturing Enterprise Integration and Innovation Association, Hong Kong Productivity Council
Published, December 2010
Accessed: December, 2015
Background of OSS...It is protected and promoted by the Open Source Initiative (OSI).

Open Source Software Security
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Accessed September, 2015
Some organisations, the Open Source Initiative for instance, have conducted reviews on the licences of open source software . These organisations will assess whether the licences comply with the pre-set requirements.

Republic of China (Taiwan)


A computer program works Case (4) open source
Department of Education, Ministry of Information and Technology Education, R.O.C.
Accessed May, 2015
目前自由軟體授權利用條款的模式太多,光是「自由軟體組織( Open Source Initiative ,簡稱 OSI )」所認可的授權方式, 就有五十四種之多,自由軟體的創作人有難以選擇的困難。雖然國外已經有 Source Forge 、 Tigris 等具有相當規模的網站,提供自由軟體創作人, 將其自由軟體開發專案進駐該網站,與其他的創作人進行交流或協同開發。不過,對於複雜的授權利用問題,尚未有網站提供自由軟體的創作人相關的建議與協助。
Expert advice: Currently the use of free software licensing terms of mode too much, just "free soft tissue (Open Source Initiative, referred to as OSI)" recognized approach to licensing, there fifty-four kinds of as much as creators of free software have difficult choice difficult.*

Copyright Made Easy
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
December, 2007
因此,使用「Open Source Software」這個用語時,即需要界定什麼樣的軟體,屬於開放原始碼軟體,從而開放原始碼促進組織 (Open Source Initiative)參考自由軟體的精神,提出10點定義,只要符合該組織的定義,即可向該組織申請將授權契約認定為開放原始碼的授權契約。
Therefore , the use of " Open Source Software " of the term , namely the need to define what kind of software , is an open source software , thus promoting the spirit of open-source organization (Open Source Initiative) reference free software , made ​​10 points definition, provided that they meet the definition of the organization , you can apply for authorization to the organization authorized to contract for the contract identified open source .*

Digital Copyright Under the Open Economic policy, Innovation and Invention
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
July 2013
比較Open Source Initiative – The Open Source Definition, http://opensource.org/osd;在功能性軟體的情形,其提供包括再散布之許可、原始碼之取得、為衍生著作之許可在內之概括性授權,惟該衍生著作需提供與原著作相同之授權條件。(Pg. 113)
Comparison of Open Source Initiative - The Open Source Definition, http://opensource.org/osd; in the case of software functionality , which provide, including permit free redistribution of , get the source code it as a derivative work of the license , including the general authorized , but the derivative work must provide the original work of the same licensing terms .* (Pg. 113)

Free Software international intellectual property rights
Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
March 2005
1998 年 2 月 3 日美國 Palo Alto 舉行一場自由軟體研討會,會議中 討論決定了所謂「開放原始碼(Open Source)軟體」之詞,強調軟體程 式原始碼之開放係屬整個運動核心關鍵所在,會後並由部份人士完成開 放原始碼軟體識別標幟,且成立開放原始碼促進組織 10 ,對於何謂開放 原始碼軟體作出明確規範定義11
10. Open Source Initiative,請詳見 http://www.opensource.org/index.php(visited on Feb 23,2005)。
11. 請詳見 http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php(visited on Feb 23,2005)。(Pg. 6)
February 3, 1998 United States Palo Alto hold a free software seminar , meeting to discuss the decision of the word so-called "open source (Open Source) Software" , the process emphasizes software Open- source system belongs to the whole movement of the core key , after the completion of open source software by the majority of people recognize the flag , and promote the establishment of an open -source organization10, for what open Source software to make a clear specification defines11
10. Open Source Initiative, please see http://www.opensource.org/index.php(visited on Feb 23,2005).
11. Please refer http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php(visited on Feb 23,2005).
* (Pg. 6)

Interview Software Freedom Association, Dr. Lin Chengqian
Intellectual Property Rights Monthly, Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
Accessed, May 2015
不同的授 權條款間( 編按 3)所 給予使用者 的自由其實 有不同 程 度 的差別,商業公司運用自由軟體後也逐漸發展出對自己公司有利的 授權條款, Open Source Initiative 所蒐集認證的授權條款已經多達四 十幾種,社群面對這麼多的授權條款如何選擇?是否已經發展出別 具特色的授權條款? (Pg. 12)
Between different license terms ( Editor's note 3 ) In fact, given the freedom of users with varying degrees of difference , after the commercial companies use free software also gradually develop their own benefit of the company Licensing terms , Open Source Initiative b> The license terms have been certified to collect as much as 40 several, communities faced with so many licensing terms How to choose? Do not have developed Distinctive license terms?* (Pg. 12)

Project to promote free software for industrial application
Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
2013
參賽者(或團隊)之參賽作品皆需宣告為開放原始碼促 進會(Open Source Initiative)所訂定的授權模式,詳細 可參考 http://www.opensource.org/。 (Pg. 154)
Participants (or team) who must declare the entries for the Open Source Association ( Open Source Initiative b>) laid licensing model, detailed Refer http://www.opensource.org/.* (Pg. 154)

Research organization: DGBAS electronic processing of data center
Accounting and Statistics, Directorate-General of Budget, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
January, 2004
開放原始碼軟體常被稱為自由軟體,就開放原始碼軟體而言,基本上 必須符合 Open Source Initiative (OSI)所列的十項條件,包括 (Pg. 16)
Open source software is often called free software, open source software on terms substantially You must meet ten conditions Open Source Initiative (OSI)...* (Pg. 16)

Spatial Data Infrastructure
Data Warehouse and Standards Group, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.
March 2009
潮汐基金會希望的自行申請者或被提名者是已有作品的軟體開發者,而且其作品必須是開放原始碼(依 “開放源碼計畫"組織 (Open Source Initiative) 之定義)、在市場已廣泛流通。 (Pg. 13)
Tides Foundation hopes of self- applicant or nominee is a software developer existing work , and their work must be open source ( according to The definition of " Open Source Project " organization (Open Source Initiative) of ) , has been widely circulated in the market.* (Pg. 13)

Studies of copyright issues of free software
Free Software Movement and Copyright Law, Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C.
January, 1996
由開放」的觀念,更可能因「免費」即等於「品質不佳」的連結,不利 於自由軟體的推廣,故另有開放原始碼倡議組織 (Open Source Initiative, OSI) 的成立,對於符合該組織開放原始碼定義的授權契約予以認證,對 於開放原始碼軟體對企業及個人使用者的推廣,有相當程度的幫助。因 此,一般在提及「自由軟體」的用語時,目前皆泛指這類在軟體產業逐 漸走向封閉原始碼的趨勢中,促使軟體原始碼開放的運動,可稱為自由 /開放原始碼軟體(F/OSS, or FOSS)運動,但各別組織仍然因其理念的 不同,而對於自由軟體或開放原始碼軟體有不同定義 (Pg. 64)
The open " concept , is more likely due to " free " is equal to " the poor quality link " , and the negative In the promotion of free software , so another Open Source Initiative (Open Source Initiative, OSI) was established, to authorize the contract in line with the organization's open source definition to be certified for In open source software for enterprise and individual users to promote a considerable degree of help . Because This , in general terms when referring to " free software " , now refers all such by the software industry Gradually move towards closed -source trend , prompting the open source software movement , can be called free / Open source software (F / OSS, or FOSS) movement , but because the concept of individual organizations still Different , and for free software or open source software have different definitions.* (Pg. 64)


United States of America


California


AB-668 Voting Modernization Bond Act of 2018.
California State Legislature
September 2, 2017
"(k) 'Open source software or firmware' means software or firmware licensed using a software license approved by the Open Source Initiative."
SAM 5300 Definitions
California Department of Technology
Accessed January 15, 2018
"Open Source Software: Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative."
IT Policy: OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE POLICY (ITPL 10-01 )
Office of the State CIO
January 7, 2010
DEFINITION: The definition of OSS has been added to Section 4819.2 of the SAM. OSS is defined as Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative:
  1. Free Redistribution: The software can be given as part of a package with other applications;
  2. Source Code: The code must either be distributed with the software or easily accessible;
  3. Derived Works: The code can be altered and distributed by the new author under the same license conditions as the product on which it is based;
  4. Integrity of the author's source code: Derived works must not interfere with the original author's intent or work;
  5. No discrimination against persons or groups;
  6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor: Distributed software cannot be restricted in who can use it based on their intent;
  7. Distribution of license: The rights of the program must apply to all to whom the program is re-distributed without need for an additional license;
  8. License must not be specific to a product; Meaning that an operating system product cannot be restricted to be free only if used with another specific product;
  9. License must not contaminate other software; and
  10. License must be technology-neutral.
State Administrative Manual (SAM) Section 4819.2
California Department of General Services, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (California Department of Technology)
September, 2016
DEFINITIONS: Open Source Software: Software that includes distribution terms that comply with the following criteria provided by the Open Source Initiative:
  1. Free Redistribution: The software can be given as part of a package with other applications;
  2. Source Code: The code must either be distributed with the software or easily accessible;
  3. Derived Works: The code can be altered and distributed by the new author under the same license conditions as the product on which it is based;
  4. Integrity of the author's source code: Derived works must not interfere with the original author's intent or work;
  5. No discrimination against persons or groups;
  6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor: Distributed software cannot be restricted in who can use it based on their intent;
  7. Distribution of license: The rights of the program must apply to all to whom the program is re-distributed without need for an additional license;
  8. License must not be specific to a product; Meaning that an operating system product cannot be restricted to be free only if used with another specific product;
  9. License must not contaminate other software; and
  10. License must be technology-neutral.

New York


Approved Resolution Concerning Fees for Testing of Open Source Software
New York State Board of Elections
October 16, 2007
The State Board of Elections may elect to waive the fee for examination of voting systems set forth in Section 6209.4(G) if...The vendor submits an application for examination fee waiver including a sworn affidavit stating that the voting system software and documentation are offered under an open source license...(a) The open source license shall meet with the Open Source Definition as set forth by the Open Source Initiative which requires:
  1. Free Redistribution: The software can be given as part of a package with other applications;
  2. Source Code: The code must either be distributed with the software or easily accessible;
  3. Derived Works: The code can be altered and distributed by the new author under the same license conditions as the product on which it is based;
  4. Integrity of the author's source code: Derived works must not interfere with the original author's intent or work;
  5. No discrimination against persons or groups;
  6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor: Distributed software cannot be restricted in who can use it based on their intent;
  7. Distribution of license: The rights of the program must apply to all to whom the program is re-distributed without need for an additional license;
  8. License must not be specific to a product; Meaning that an operating system product cannot be restricted to be free only if used with another specific product;
  9. License must not contaminate other software; and
  10. License must be technology-neutral.
A Strategy for Openness
New York State CIO, Office for Technology
May, 2008
Open Source Defined. Open source software (OSS) is software which unlike traditional proprietary software allows anyone to use, read, redistribute and modify the source code without a royalty or other fees. The Open Source Initiative defines ten features which distinguish OSS from other licensing models:
  1. Free Redistribution: The software can be given as part of a package with other applications;
  2. Source Code: The code must either be distributed with the software or easily accessible;
  3. Derived Works: The code can be altered and distributed by the new author under the same license conditions as the product on which it is based;
  4. Integrity of the author's source code: Derived works must not interfere with the original author's intent or work;
  5. No discrimination against persons or groups;
  6. No discrimination against fields of endeavor: Distributed software cannot be restricted in who can use it based on their intent;
  7. Distribution of license: The rights of the program must apply to all to whom the program is re-distributed without need for an additional license;
  8. License must not be specific to a product; Meaning that an operating system product cannot be restricted to be free only if used with another specific product;
  9. License must not contaminate other software; and
  10. License must be technology-neutral.
New York State Senate Bill S173A-2013
New York State Assembly
January 9, 2013
FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUBSECTION, A PROGRAM SHALL QUALIFY FOR THE CREDIT PROVIDED BY THIS SUBSECTION IF THE CODE FOR SUCH PROGRAM HAS BEEN RELEASED UNDER AN OPEN SOURCE LICENSE RECOGNIZED BY THE OPEN SOURCE INITIATIVE, OR HAS BEEN RELEASED UNDER A FREE SOFTWARE LICENSE RECOGNIZED BY THE FREE SOFTWARE FOUNDATION. (Section 1.2)


* Translation via Google Translate